Trás-os-MontesThe region of Trás-os-Montes owes its name to its location: it is placed beyond the mountains of Marão and Alvão, north of the Douro river and east of Minho, extending itself to the Spanish territory.
Already during the occupation of the Romans the vine was cultivated and the wine produced in the region of Trás-os-Montes.
The climate in summer is dry and hot and in winter the temperatures go sometimes below 0ºC. The soils are essentially granitic, poor, with spots of shale, and in a small area it is possible to find scale deposits of alluvial and gneisses.
The wine region of Trás-os-Montes is divided into three sub-regions: Chaves, Valpaços and Planalto Mirandês. The vineyards in the sub-region of Chaves are planted on the slopes of small valleys, where the tributaries of Tâmega flow. The plateau of the Valpaços sub-region is rich in water resources. The Planalto Mirandês is placed at the plateau of Modagouro mountain, southwest of the region.
The dominant white varieties are: Côdega do Larinho, Malvasia Fina, Fernão Pires, Gouveio, Rabigato, Síria e Viosinho, and the red ones are Bastardo, Tinta Roriz, Marufo, Touriga Franca, Touriga Nacional e Trincadeira.
The white wines are smooth and with a floral aroma. The red wines are, mainly, fruity and slightly astringent.
Trás-os-Montes is the least known region of Portugal. Its isolated capital, Bragança, is full of history marks and is situated on the edge of the reserve of Montesinho.
From Bragança to Chaves there is an awesome region seldom visited by the tourists.
Chaves is the capital of the region of Alto Tâmega, with approximately two thousand years of history. Its strategic position in the centre of a large watershed, made this city to be, for a very long time, a "key” of the Portuguese territory. We recommend you to visit the Museum of "Flaviense” Region, the Archaeological Museum, the Roman Bridge and the Church of Mercy.
Bragança, the charming medieval village surrounded by walls, was miraculously preserved. The old city, however, is not very dynamic, as in the new part of the town, currently referred to as the futuristic cathedral (1996), are concentrated the main activities, but is very poor in charm. We recommend you to visit to the Museum of Abade do Baçal, the Castle, the Military Museum, the Saint Mary Church, the Domus Municipalis, the Pillory and to the Viewpoint of Saint Bartholomew.
Miranda do Douro stands at the bottom of the large plateau of Trás-os-Montes, just above the canyons of the Douro, bordering Spain. We recommend a visit to the Museum of Terra de Miranda.
Tourism Region of Alto Tâmega e Brarroso, Terreiro de Cavalaria, +351 276 340661 / Nordeste Transmontano Tourism Region, Avenida Cidade de Zamora, +351 273 381271 / Natural Park of Montesinho, Rua Cónego Albano Falcão, +351 273 381234.